Wilpattu National Park
Located in the Northwest coast lowland dry zone of Sri Lanka 30 km west Anuradhapura and 26 km north of Puttalam, approximately 180 km north of the capitol Colombo. The park covers a area of 131, 693 hectares. The parks unique feature is the existence of natural sand-rimmed water basins or depressions that fill with rainwater and nearly sixty lakes and tanks are found spread throughout Wilpattu. Wilpattu is the largest and one of the oldest National Parks in Sri Lanka. Wilpattu also is known for the sighting of leopards where they believe to have similar density of the animals as in Yala
The Annual Rainfall to the area of the park is about 1000mm and the temperature hovers around 27 degrees. The Inter-monsoonal rains in March and the northeast monsoon during December to February are the main sources of rainfall. Close to 31 species of mammals have been identified within Wilpattu national park. Sambhur, spotted deer, mongoose, mouse and shrew are more seen residents of the Wilpattu park.The painted stork, the open bill, little cormorant, Sri Lanka Jungle fowl along with many species of owls, terns, gulls, eagles, kites buzzards are found at the park. The most common reptiles found in the park are the Monitor Lizard, Mugger crocodile, Common cobra, Rat snake, and Indian pythons. The Pond turtle and the Soft shelled turtles are found in the large permanent waterways.
The historical records indicates that in 543 BC Prince from North India landed on the coastal area near the park married a local named Kuweni and founded the Sinhalese race.