Polonnaruwa - UNESCO World Heritage Site
Polonnaruwa was the second capital of Sri Lanka after abandoning of Anuradhapura due to the south Indian invasions that occurred regularly. Besides the Brahmanic monuments built by the Cholas, the monumental ruins of the fabulous garden-city created by Parakramabahu I in the 12th century can be seen that truly speaks of the engineering supremacy of the ancient Sri Lankan. The city remain to-date as one of the best planned archeological relic sites in the country, standing testimony to the discipline and greatness of the Kingdom's first rulers. Polonnaruwa bears witness to several civilizations, notably that of the conquering Cholas, disciples of Brahmanism, and that of the Sinhalese sovereigns during the 12th and 13th centuries. This immense capital created by King Parakramabahu I, in the 12th century, is one of history's most astonishing urban creations, both because of its unusual dimensions and because of the very special relationship of its buildings with the natural setting. It is also a shrine of Buddhism and of Sinhalese history. The tooth of the Lord Buddha, a remarkable relic placed in the Atadage shrine was considered as the talisman of the Sinhalese monarchy: its removal by Bhuvanaikabahu II confirmed the decline of Polonnaruwa. Polonnaruwa has been declared a World Heritage site by UNESCO sighting its archeological value to the world.